IV. PROMOTE EV CHARGING ACCESS
AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Fueling EVs require a paradigm shift on how we view transportation, buildings and energy. It is a departure from the traditional combustion vehicle gas station model. Electricity access is ubiquitous and any electric outlet is a potential fueling station. However, modern long-range light, medium and heavy-duty EVs often require specific EV charging stations with hardware and software to meet changing needs. The perceived lack of charging stations is cited as one of the top barriers to purchase of electric vehicles. 

Each EV use case (such as public vs fleet, light-duty vs heavy-duty, long-range vs short trips) requires a different charging infrastructure approach. Thus, planning for and implementing EV charging stations requires addressing unique use case needs and removing barriers. 

Local governments can install and own EV charging equipment and adopt policies to encourage private investment in fleet, workplace, and public charging infrastructure.​ The following are key considerations for local governments that are looking to support electric vehicle charging infrastructure deployment.

 

Resources:

Determine the amount of charging needed is the from the Alternative Fuels Data Center, U.S. Department of Energy.

 

Go Deeper

VW Settlement

States different agencies are responsible for development of mitigation plan and dispersement of funds. 

Types of Infrastructure

There are three different charging options and they mostly vary by the speed at which they charge the vehicle. Additionally, charging infrastructure can be networked or non-networked. Learn more about charging infrastructure by clicking below.

EV Ready

EV ready policies  ensure that buildings permitted today are prepared to support the electrification of transportation. EV make-ready policies require new structures to have the conduit and wiring in place to accommodate incremental additions of EV chargers later on.