III. ESTABLISH EV PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION GOALS
Electrifying a municipal public transportation system is a no-regret solution that provides significant cost, health, and environmental benefits. According to the US Department of Transportation, every zero emission bus is able to eliminate 1,690 tons of CO2 over its lifespan. Electric buses reduce fuel and maintenance costs by $300,000-350,000 over the lifespan of each bus.
Buses have predictable schedules and large energy storage capacity opening up opportunities for partnerships with local utilities and making them ideal for electric “Vehicle to Grid” technology. Vehicle to Grid technology enables bus batteries to provide power to the electricity grid while not running, helping to offset demand during peak hours, and increasing resiliency by acting as a stored-energy source during an emergency. And, with proper planning, the fast charging stations used to charge buses during the school year can provide needed fast charging hubs to support EV drivers in case of storm evacuation. (See section VI. Incentivize EVs to Accelerate Economic Development)